Chapter : VI The challenges of Cultural Diversity

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·        differences rather than inequalities
·        India is a nation of great cultural diversity
·        many different types of social groups and communities living here.
·        These are communities defined by cultural markers such as language, religion, sect, race or caste.
·        This difficulties may be created by competition or conflict between them.

Cultural diversity can present tough challenges.
·        The difficulties arise from the fact that cultural identities are very powerful
o   they can arouse intense passions and are often able to moblise large numbers of people.
o   Sometimes cultural differences are accompanied by economic and social inequalities, and this further complicates things.
o   Measures to address the inequalities or injustices suffered by one community can provoke opposition from other communities.

·        Almost all the major ‘divisive’ problems of today have been there ever since Independence, or even earlier.

The Importance of Community Identity

·        Community Identity develop through Socialisation
·        Our community provides us the language (our mother tongue) and the cultural values through which we comprehend the world.
·        It also anchors our self-identity.
·        Community identity is based on birth and ‘belonging’
·        It is ‘ascriptive’ – determined by the accidents of birth
·        It is Accidental, unconditional and yet almost inescapable belonging
o   that we can often be so emotionally attached to our community identity.
·        universal.
o   Everyone has a motherland, a mother tongue, a family, a faith…
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