CHAPTER III : SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS: CONTINUITY AND CHANGE


  • Three major institutions that is central to Indian society, namely Caste, Tribe and Family.
  • CASTE AND CASTE SYSTEM
  • Caste in the Past
  •  Caste is a unique institution found in India.
  •   It is Characteristics of Hindu society
  •   But caste is spread to even non-Hindu communities.
  • The word ‘caste’ is coming from Portuguese word ‘casta  - ‘pure breed’ (meaning)
  •   Varna and Jati.
  • Varna, literally ‘colour’
  • brahmana, kshatriya, vaishya and shudra,  ‘outcastes ‘or panchamas or fifth category
  • Jati is a generic term referring to species or kinds of anything.
  •  Varna is broad classification while Jati is a regional or local sub classification.

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