CHAPTER II THE DEMOGRAPHIC STRUCTURE OF INDIAN SOCIETY


DEMOGRAPHY
Demography is the systematic study of population.
The term is of Greek origin and is composed of two words, ‘demos’ (people) and ‘graphein’ (describe).
Demography studies the trends and processes associated with population including changes in
 Population size,
Patterns of birth,
Deaths and
 Migration; and
The structure and composition of the population, such as the relative proportions of women, men and different age groups.
 Demography has its role and functions;
o    Development of public health management,
o   Policing and maintenance of law and order,
o   Economic policies relating to agriculture,
o   Industry, taxation and revenue generation and
o   Governance of cities.
This chapter discusses on various concepts and indicators in demography and the theoretical background behind the population changes from time to time.  such as birth rate, death rate, sex ratio , life expectancy, demographic dividend ,ageing etc..

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